January Became the First New Year Month
The 1st of January was chosen for the New Year’s celebration for the first time in Rome and this happened in 153 BC. Till 700 BC there was no existence of the January month. This happened when the 2nd King of Rome with the name of Numa Pompilius included the months of January and February in the list. This was when the time of the New Year was being shifted from March to January and this was considered to be the starting point of the civil year.
Following the Roman Month Rule
Preferably this was the month to be followed as the elected year of the Roman consuls and this is the highest official post in the Roman Republic. This way the one year tenure is started and however, the New Year date has never been strictly followed and maintained. Till date the New Year is at times celebrated on the 1st of March. At the time of 46 BC due to the attempts of Julius Caesar the year got extended to 445 days. This was known as annus confusionis. The normal tenure is of 355 days and this is normally increased with the addition of the usual 23 days.
More about the New Years Time
It was the cluster of the 67 days and this was parted to the two menses interclares and now things were interposed between the months of November and December. Now, the year has all the fifteen months and it was after the year of confusion that the New Year Calendar started. From the time 153 BC January was declared to be the day of the new consuls in several parts of Rome and this was the time when the Romans took the office and they made use of the names of the two consuls to identify the specific time of the year.
Identifying the New Year
From the 1st of January the New Year has started and it had the best connection with the consular year. There was a reason being proposed for the specific switch. Some feels that January is named after the name of the God of transition and the God of the beginnings. He is known by the name of Janus. This happened at the time of the 2nd King of the Roman Empire and he existed between the time of 753–673 BC.
Change Made by the Romans
It was considered to be natural tendency for the Romans to make the change. However, the change in the New Year time due to the reason is still in doubt. You do not have to face the consensus. There was a reformation of the calendar by Julius Caesar and the reformation took place at the time of 46 BC. This was according to the Julian calendar and at the point of time the Roman Senate was being murdered and there was a vote for his defiance and this happened on the 1st of January 42 BC.
Deciding the Dates of the Months
Some of the dates in the month of March coincided with the March equinox and here was the Solemnity of the Annunciation of famous Jesus Christ. The other types of Christian fests were being used at the time of the middle ages and from the time this was considered to be the starting day of the New Year. However, the calendars have always continued to display all the months being mentioned in columns and these are the months running from January to December.
New Year and Council of Tours
At the time of 567 AD there was the abolishing of the Council of Tours and after this there was the beginning of the New Year. It was at various points of time and at various destinations throughout the tenure of Christian Europe the New Year was being commemorated on the date of 25th December and this is the birth date of Jesus Christ. After this 1st March and 25th March were considered for Feast of Annunciation and Easter. The occasions are memorable and the reasons are perfect. In fact, you have more reasons to celebrate the New Year and day with all specialties and uniqueness.
Starting of Things on New Year
You have the various 7th Century pagans of places like Netherlands and Flanders and it was the norm to make exchange of gifts of the starting day of the New Year. This was the custom made possible by Saint Eligius and he gave the warning to the Flemish and the Dutch regarding the concept of the New Years Gift. On the occasion superfluous drinks were being exchanged. This was the date being celebrated by the European Christians and it was known to be the famous day of the New Year.
The Method of Gift Exchange
The best of gifts were being exchanged during the twelve days of tenure during the Christmas season. And this is the norm being mentioned in the Western Christian liturgical calendar. The similar norm of exchanging gifts once happened at the time of the Biblical Magi and he was the person to give gifts to Baby Jesus. In the year 1582 according to the Georgian Calendar there was the reformation being restored on the 1st of January and from the time the New Year came to be greatly celebrated.
Specialties Mentioned in the Calendar
From the time the new calendar started to be used and the error started getting accumulated in the 13 centuries from the time of the Council of Nicaea was being corrected with the deletion of the ten days. Thursday was the Julian calendar Day and the 4rth of October 1582 was being followed as the initial day of the Georgian Calendar. In parts of Tudor England the day of New Year along with the day of Christmas and the Twelfth Night were being celebrated as the prime festivities being counted and considered among the twelve special days of Christmas Tide.
Day of the Winter Solstice
There is the date of 15th October 1852 is also an important day being mentioned on the calendar. However, the weekday’s cycle was not being affected in any way. The 1st of January is now being considered to be the day of Winter Solstice and it is made of ten days at the time. The British were however not ready to accept the reformed version of the calendar till the year 1752. Both the British Empire and the American Colonies celebrated New Year on the 1st of March.
Adoption of the Georgian Calendar
The nations of the Western Europe had an official adoption of the 1st of January to be the New Year’s Day and this happened before the adoption of the Georgian Calendar. During the time when the Georgian Calendar was adopted in 1752 the first day was being announced as the Annunciation Style Date and there were more things to follow after this. In fact, the celebration of the New Year on the 1st of January is the accepted norm. It all started in Mesopotamia in 2000 BC and the celebration happened at the time of the Vernal Equinox.
Stating the New Year Historical Tradition
In the middle of March more dates came to be connected with the 1st of January and these were being used by the traditional cultures. The Egyptians, the Persians and the Phoenicians started the New Year with the falling of the Equinox. However, the Greeks celebrated the day on the occasion of the Winter Solstice. According to the early Roman Calendar 1st March was the News Years day. This was the calendar with a total of ten months and this started with the month of March. However, the tradition is still reflected in some of the name of the months.
Addition of January in the New Year List
This was the time when January was added to the year and on the month the New Year was celebrated. January was not there till the 700 BC when the 2nd Roman King Numa Pontilius caused addition of the months of January and February. Now the day of New Year was moved from March to January and this was considered to be the starting of the Civil Year. Both the months were being elected by the Roman consuls. The consuls were appointed for one complete year.
Attempt made by Julius Caesar
At the time of 46 BC Julius Caesar made an attempt for a new introduction. He came up with the new and the innovative solar based calendar. However, improvements were made in the traditional Roman calendar and this was the lunar system and it has become inaccurate down the years. The Julian calendar made a decree that the New Year would take place on the 1st of January. This tradition became acceptable in the Roman world and from the time January came to be constantly celebrated as the permanent New Year and most of the people were happy about the occurrence.
New Year in Medieval Europe
During the era of the Medieval Europe there was an abolition of the 1st of January. The celebration of the New Year was accepted by the unchristian and the pagan alike. In the history year of 567 there was the Council of Tours to abolish the 1st of January to be the starting point of the New Year. At various points of time in Medieval Christian Europe the New Year was celebrated on the day of 25th December. From the time things were initiated permanently and this gave the celebration a completely new stage.